# String theory

see also Colloquia, Conformal Field Theory

### books

**String Theory**

**Volume 1: An Introduction to the Bosonic String**

**Volume 2: Superstring Theory and Beyond**

by Joe Polchinski (two volumes, CUP, 1998, errata)

This book addresses the discoveries of the
superstring revolutions of the early to mid 1990s, which mark the
beginnings of modern string theory. Volume 1 quantises the
bosonic string and uses this setting to introduce T-duality and
D-branes without the complications of fermions. The first three chapters of volume 2
introduce superstrings, but quickly move beyond. The rest of
the second book provides an introduction to nearly all modern string
topics pre-dating the AdS/CFT duality. In particular, it includes D-branes,
Orbifolds, Black Hole Entropy, and Mirror symmetry.

Some of the errata were corrected in the reprinting in 2000.

**Superstring Theory**

**Volume 1: Introduction**

**Volume 2: Loop Amplitudes, Anomalies and Phenomenology**

by Michael Green, John Schwarz and Edward Witten (two volumes, CUP, 1988)

Volume 1 is the first of a classic two-volume string text by founders in the field. Though there are now many more modern
texts, it containing many details that more recent texts
must skim through to discuss modern topics. Volume 1 is concerned mainly with the free string, though it treats both bosonic and supersymmetric versions. Volume 2 addresses the details of loop
calculations, but also discusses low-energy effective theories (in particular, supergravity) and compactifications (especially on Calabi-Yau manifolds).

**String Theory and M-Theory**

by Katrin Becker, Melanie Becker and John Schwarz (CUP, 2006)

**A First Course in String Theory**

by Barton Zwiebach, (CUP, 2003)

This book is intended for the advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate level. No familiarity with quantum field theory is assumed (although Zwiebach does assume a working knowledge of quantum mechanics). It focuses on the study of single
strings and their interactions, which can be understood in some
detail. Of necessity, however, it is impossible to address many
advanced topics.

**Supersymmetry and String Theory: Beyond the Standard Model**

by Michael Dine (CUP, 2007)

**Gravity and Strings**

by Tomás Ortín (CUP, 2004)

Introduction to Superstring Theory

by E. Kiritsis (Leuven University Press, 1998, hep-th/9709062, 244 pages, 22 figures)

Also available from the arXiv. Kiritsis provides a pedagogical introduction starting with the point particle and the bosonic string, and
then proceeds through conformal
field theory and the superstring. Advanced topics treated include T- duality, anomalies, compactification and supersymmetry breaking,
loop corrections, and non-perturbative dualities.

**Lectures on String Theory**

by D. Lüst and S. Theisen (Springer-Verlag, 1989)

This very useful text features a short route to the superstring and includes an excellent treatment of the heterotic string.

**Quantum Field Theory of Point Particles and Strings**

by B. Hatfield (Perseus Publishing, 1998)

An updated version of Hatfield's 1992 book, the first half quickly reviews quantum field theory while the second introduces the very basics of strings.

**Gauge fields and Strings**

by A. M. Polyakov (Harwood Academic Publishers, 1987)

This classic work uses a detailed treatment of quantum field theory in terms of first-quantized particles to make a natural transition to the first quantized string. Details of path-integral measures and other fundamentals are well-presented.

**Introduction to Superstrings and M-Theory**

by M. Kaku (Springer Verlag, 1999)

This updated version of an earlier text begins with the basics and, after some development, addresses advanced topics such as compactifications and M-theory. As a one-volume text, it cannot be comprehensive and, as a result, has a rather light discussion of D-branes.

**Strings, Conformal Fields, and M-Theory**

by M. Kaku (Springer Verlag, 2000)

The intent of this text is to build on *Introduction to Superstrings and M-theory*, addressing a number of more modern topics and illustrating the relationship to a broad range of related topics.

### reviews

Superstring theories

by Constantin Bachas, Jan Troost (physics/0605105, 12 pages, 5 figures)

concise review for Encyclopedia of Mathematical Physics (Elsevier, 2006)

String Theory

by Eric D'Hoker (downloadable from the Quantum Field Theory program at IAS: Spring Term 1997)

Les Houches Lectures on Fields, Strings and Duality

by R. Dijkgraaf (hep-th/9703136, 152 pages, 31 figures)

Introduction to Non-perturbative String Theory

by Elias Kiritsis (hep-th/9708130, 60 pages, 4 figures)

String Primer

by E. Alvarez and P. Meessen (hep-th/9810240, 87 pages, 4 figures)

TASI Lectures on Perturbative String Theories

by Hirosi Ooguri, Zheng Yin (hep-th/9612254, 80 pages)

What is String Theory?

by Joseph Polchinski (hep-th/9411028, 153 pages, 30 figures)

An Introduction to the Covariant Quantization of Superstrings

by P.A. Grassi, G. Policastro, P. van Nieuwenhuizen (hep-th/0302147, 23 pages)

Lectures on Two-Loop Superstrings

by Eric D'Hoker, D.H. Phong (hep-th/0211111, 37 pages, 3 figures)

ICTP Lectures on Covariant Quantization of the Superstring

by Nathan Berkovits (hep-th/0209059, 43 pages)

Open Strings

by Carlo Angelantonj, Augusto Sagnotti (hep-th/0204089, 156 pages)

TASI Lectures on Perturbative String Theory and Ramond-Ramond Flux

by L. Dolan (hep-th/0201209, 39 pages)

An Introduction to Conformal Field Theory

by Matthias R Gaberdiel (hep-th/9910156, 69 pages)

A New Description of the Superstring

by Nathan Berkovits (hep-th/9604123)

Introduction to Superstring Theory

by E. Kiritsis (hep-th/9709062, 244 pages, 22 figures)

Also available as a book. Kiritsis provides a pedagogical introduction starting with the point particle and the bosonic string, and
then proceeds through conformal
field theory and the superstring. Advanced topics treated include T- duality, anomalies, compactification and supersymmetry breaking,
loop corrections, and non-perturbative dualities.

An Introduction to Non-perturbative String Theory

by Ashoke Sen (hep-th/9802051, 129 pages, 22 figures)

Introduction to Superstring Theory

by John H. Schwarz (hep-ex/0008017, 44 pages)

Strings, Branes and Extra Dimensions

by Stefan Forste (hep-th/0110055, 238 pages)

String Theory or Field Theory?

by A. Marshakov (hep-th/0212114, 56 pages, 18 figures)

String theory: an update

by Jan de Boer (hep-th/0210224, 20 pages, 2 figures)

Introduction to String Theory

by Thomas Mohaupt (hep-th/0207249, 78 pages)

BUSSTEPP Lectures on String Theory

by Richard J. Szabo (hep-th/0207142, 90 pages, 24 figures)

Introduction to M-theory for relativists and cosmologists

by Nobuyoshi Ohta (gr-qc/0205036, 28 pages, 7 figures)

Topics on Strings, Branes and Calabi-Yau Compactifications

by Hugo Garcia-Compean, Oscar Loaiza-Brito (hep-th/0010046, 50 pages, no figures)

Lectures on Strings, D-branes and Gauge Theories

by Hugo Garcia-Compean, Oscar Loaiza-Brito (hep-th/0003019, 38 pages, no figures)

An introduction to perturbative and non-perturbative string theory

by Ignatios Antoniadis, Guillaume Ovarlez (hep-th/9906108, 17 pages)

Supergravity, Brane Dynamics and String Duality

by P. West (hep-th/9811101, 109 pages, 2 figures)

Introduction to M Theory

by Miao Li (hep-th/9811019, 76 pages)

String Primer

by E. Alvarez, P. Meessen (hep-th/9810240, 87 pages, 4 figures)

Lectures on Strings and Dualities

by Cumrun Vafa (hep-th/9702201, 53 pages)

Fields, Strings and Branes

by C. Gomez, R. Hernandez (hep-th/9711102, 176 pages, 6 figures)

Les Houches Lectures on Fields, Strings and Duality

by R. Dijkgraaf (hep-th/9703136, 152 pages, 31 figures)

Introduction to String Theory

by Angel Uranga (Graduate Course in String Theory, 528 pages)

String Theory

by Sunil Mukhi (BUSSTEPP 2003 Lectures, 147 pages). Downloadable from BUSSTEPP 2003 Website

The birth of string theory

by Paolo Di Vecchia (0704.0101, 60 pages)

Covers developments that in the years 1968 to 1974 led from the Veneziano model to the bosonic string.